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Syntax is the order of words in a sentence. The syntax can be different for a sentence. 

Explanation coming from a Google DocumentEdit

Syntax: Why need it?


Syntax is the order of words in a sentence. The syntax can be different for a sentence, especially compound sentences with many clauses. For example:


The twelve-year-old boy ran to his friend’s house after finishing all his chores on Saturday.


This sentence can be reordered in some ways. For example:


After finishing all his chores on Saturday, the twelve-year-old boy ran to his friend’s house.


or


On Saturday, the twelve-year-old boy ran to his friend’s house after finishing all his chores.


but not


On Saturday, the boy ran to his friend’s twelve-year-old house after finishing all of his chores.


This would make the reader think that the house is twelve years old, making the sentence misleading. But,


On after boy the Saturday, house year all friend’s twelve chores old finishing ran of his to.


would be worse! You can reorder words in a sentence and it still means the same thing, but in the fourth example, we don’t know how old the boy is, but we know how old he is in the other three sentences before it. An example of a sentence where only one syntax would work is:


The twelve-year-old boy ran.


There is no way to write the sentence in another way and it still means the same. It can be rewritten with a different meaning, though: “Boy, the twelve-year-old ran.”


More examples:


Nicholas raced home to play video games on Friday, after a long day at school, while his brother, Matthew, was already on spring break.


Variations:

  1. While his brother, Matthew, was already on spring break, Nicholas raced home on Friday to play video games.

  2. On Friday, Nicholas raced home to play video games, while Matthew, his brother, was already on spring break.

And that’s just the tip of the iceberg!

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